Major European stakeholders approved the following document in Luxembourg.
MAM was represented by Dr. Martin Balzan, while the specialist accreditation committee was represented by Dr. Mariella Borg Buontempo
link to The Declaration
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT
IMPROVING HEALTHCARE QUALITY, ENSURING PATIENT SAFETY
Within our lifetimes major advances in Medicine have been, and continue to be made. The implementation of these is dependent on doctors learning how new techniques, therapies
and clinical concepts can improve the quality and safety of care they provide for patients.
Since its establishment the medical profession has recognised the importance of education, noting this as a core feature of its professionalism and a fundamental ethical principle.
In this new century – characterised by an accelerating pace of change, increasing complexity, an unprecedented growth in information, and ever-increasing societal expectations – it is essential that doctors are supported in their continuing education, from medical school to retirement. Supported in this way, and entrusted with this responsibility,
doctors will be more able to apply the beneficial effects of education, thus developing and improving their clinical performance.
In addition to contributing to improvements in the care of individual patients, CPD also plays an important part in improving the quality of healthcare systems. This is through increasing doctors’ awareness of the need for, and how to achieve improved healthcare. By virtue of their clinical and managerial responsibilities, doctors are well-placed to implement beneficial changes to the quality, efficiency and effectiveness of healthcare.
While primarily directed at CPD for doctors, the principles of this statement are applicable in the context of the multi-disciplinary and multi-professional nature of modern healthcare and can also apply to other health professions.
1) Continuing Professional Development (CPD) can be defined as the educational means by which doctors ensure that they maintain and improve their medical competence and
clinical performance. As such CPD incorporates and goes beyond Continuing Medical
2) It is an ethical and professional responsibility of every practising doctor to ensure that the
medical care they provide for patients is safe and based on valid scientific evidence. In
order to achieve this, every doctor must engage actively in CPD appropriate to their
3) Ultimately it is patients who benefit from the involvement of their doctor(s) in CPD – through the improved quality and safety of medical care. Patients also benefit from the
greater availability of medical educational material, by being more able to learn about their own health, illness and treatment. This knowledge would be even further improved
by enhancing the role of doctors in information for and communication with their patients.
4) Irrespective of the nature of the healthcare system – whether employer-based, directpaying, or insurance-remunerated – resources must be allocated to ensure that doctors are able to take part in CPD. Resources to support CPD include: educational activities; access to information technology; time for doctors to engage in education; peer support for a “learning culture”, and; financial resources and an educational structure to support these.
5) Doctors are very familiar with learning, but learn in individual ways; recognition must be given to this. Doctors should be supported in being able to use the learning methods that they prefer, based on an assessment of their learning needs, and educational opportunities must be sufficiently varied to provide for this. However, doctors should also
be encouraged to develop new ways of learning, and to learn how to make the most of new technologies that can assist with medical education.
6) Every practising doctor must maintain those components of CPD that apply for all doctors, such as good communication, team-working, learning from audit and research. Similarly, each doctor must engage in “specialised” aspects of CPD, which are specific for each speciality, or sub-speciality, and are relevant to their individual area of medical practice.
7) Specific attention must be given to the doctor’s work
environment, to ensure that this is supportive of learning “on the job”. This will encourage doctors to reflect on, and learn
from issues directly applicable to their clinical practice. As important members of healthcare teams, doctors should also be encouraged to support multi-disciplinary, and multi-professional team learning where that is relevant to the care of patients.
8) Doctors also should take part in medical educational activities outside the workplace, such as learning through reading, e-learning activities, small group learning, and clinical
conferences. These support the development of learning with reference to externally-set educational standards.
9) It is important to ensure that learning also occurs when there may have been problems related to medical care. Accordingly, learning should be linked to clinical audit, patient
and colleague feedback, and clinical/critical incident reporting systems, thus ensuring that these contribute to a culture of improving quality and safety.
10) Doctors should reflect on what they have learned and on how this can be applied in their clinical practice. Every doctor, preferably in a peer dialogue, should regularly review the
outcomes of their CPD, and consider what areas need to be addressed before the next review. To assist with this, doctors should keep a record of their CPD activities, ideally
emphasising what they have learned. In addition to being supportive of good education, a system such as this – based on peer review of CPD goals set and achieved – also
provides the basis for accountable self-regulation.
11) In order to ensure that doctors can know that they are taking part in formal CPD activities that fulfil appropriately high quality standards, a quality assurance system, based on
accreditation of CPD events and validation of providers, must be enforced. While usually these are national systems, in the case of the European Accreditation Council for CME
(EACCME) accreditation can also be confirmed for international meetings.
12) There must be appropriate regulation of formal CPD activities. All providers of formal CPD activities must adhere to policies – usually national - that ensure such CPD will be
free of any form of bias. There must be a clear declaration by organisers and lecturers of any potential or actual conflict of interest, and transparency regarding the funding of educational activities.